In order to properly and efficiently deal with hyperpigmentation, or more commonly known as dark skin, there are a number of things you should know before starting with a particular treatment. As you may already know, dealing with dark skin can be very frustrating, due to the feeling of shame and embarrassment, as well as the fact that hyperpigmentation scars can take a long time to completely fade out. You should also be wary of choosing a wrong treatment, as that will only worsen the entire situation especially when dealing with the dark skin on your private parts which is explained further in this website.
With all these facts in mind, it is very important to make all the right decisions before, during and after the treatment, so as to ensure maximum efficiency and prevent the skin from getting hyperpigmented again. The first step towards learning how to deal with dark skin involves determining the cause of the condition.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition where certain areas of the skin produce large amounts of melanin, thus making them appear darker in comparison to the surrounding skin. In most cases, the cause of hyperpigmentation is strong UV light exposure. If this is not the cause of your problem, you should seek a dermatologist in order to determine the cause.
When it comes to the methods of dealing with dark skin, there are 4 of them that are considered the most popular and widely used.
1. Chemical exfoliation treatments
This particular method involves exfoliating the skin via a special chemical process. This process is based on using AHA acids (alpha hydroxy acids) such as malic acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, citric acid, as well as BHA acids (beta hydroxy), like salicylic acid. You can find many over-the-counter products that also contain these acids. The purpose of the exfoliation process is to literally remove the top layers of the skin. Even though this might sound uncomfortable and painful, if done right and gradually, this can be one of the most effective treatment methods, because it can successfully rid the skin of damaged and darkened cells and reveal the new skin beneath.
2. Mechanical exfoliation treatments
When it comes to the mechanical exfoliation, the focus is not on using acids but instead on using a scrub. An exfoliating scrub usually contains sugar or salt crystals. These, alongside micro-beads, serve as an abrasive, which can remove any damaged skin cells.
3. Lightening creams and agents
Various topical agents such as Vitamin C, Kojic Acid, Licorice or Hydroquinone can be extracted and used as potent ingredients for hyperpigmentation treatments. The majority of over-the-counter products contain at least one of these ingredients, or, in most cases, a number of them.
However, when it comes to some of these ingredients, especially hydroquinone, many dermatologists suggest against using products that contain them. There have been numerous cases where there was a strong correlation between these products and various health issues. If you are unsure about them, consult with your dermatologist, or use 100% natural products.
4. Laser treatments
Last, but not least, you can also rely on laser treatments, in order to deal with a dark skin condition. These treatments rely on using IPL (intense pulsed light) which can penetrate all the way to the deepest layers of the skin and cause the pigmented areas and the freckles to disappear. They can also be used to vaporize the top skin layers, thus leaving behind the even-toned skin. Keep in mind that laser treatments are the most expensive ones and that they are offered exclusively by professional dermatology clinics.